Are these modifiers confusing?

Dry or sweet, single or double, still or fizzy, soft or hard

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Cider is liquid, but we call it “dry”, as with wine, both red and white, can be dry or sweet; Cream can be single or double by percentage of fat content, still water is not water in a stinky pool, but rather not fizzy, drink can be soft or hard.

May I have a bottle of “Wet Cider”?

In Europe and many other parts of the world, cider is an alcoholic drink made from fermented pressed apple juice, whereas in America cider often simply refers to unfermented pressed apple juice, and the alcoholic version is generally called “hard cider” or “draft cider.”

Dry cider contains between 5% and 7% alcohol. It is often clear. As with wine, the modifier “dry” means that the natural sugar has been fermented out, in this sense, dry simply means “not sweet”. It is particularly popular in Britain and Ireland.

Dry or Sweet wine?

When talking about dry red wine types (or dry wines in general), it refers to the level of sugar found in the wine itself. To understand dry versus sweet wines, we have to understand the process of fermentation.

Basically, fermentation is the process of yeast eating sugar. When the yeast eats the sugar, the byproduct is Carbon Dioxide, heat and alcohol.

The grapes are picked, brought into the winery and then crushed. If the grapes are picked with a very low sugar level, that translates into not as much food for the yeast to eat, which means the end result will be relatively low alcohol.

If the grapes come in with a high level of sweetness, that means there is more food for the yeast and the byproduct will be a higher level of alcohol.

Dry red wine are red wines that have a dry level of sugar (below 1 gram per liter). So that translates into a residual sugar level of 1.2-1.4% or lower. When the red wine is fermenting, the yeast is eating all of the sugar until there is little or none left. Different types of yeasts can be used for fermentation that are meant to work up until a certain alcohol level. When the red wine is fermented to “dry” you know you have a wine that has a very tiny amount of residual sugar that will be hardly noticeable to most people.

Single Cream or Double Cream?

Cream can be divided into double and single by percentage of fat content. Cream is composed of the higher-butterfat layer skimmed from the top of milk before homogenization. In un-homogenized milk, over time, the lighter fat rises to the top which process can be accelerated by using centrifuges called “separators”.

The yellowish-white colour cream produced by cows grazing on natural pasture, white cream from cows fed indoor.

Double cream is higher in butterfat than single cream. Double cream has a fat content of 48%, single cream has a fat content of 18%, while whole milk has a fat content of just under 4%. Double cream is known in the US as heavy cream, and single cream being known as light cream, or half and half, or may also be called pouring cream.

What is draft?

Draft beer is a recognized form of fresh and flavorful beer on tap from a Kegerator system. In most cases , this form of beer is served at bars or restaurants as a flavorful and inexpensive beer.

The word draft is comes from the English for the word “draught” which means ‘to pull’ from a cask with a hand pump. Draught beer often refers to beer ‘on tap’ that comes from containers.

The major difference between bottled / caned beer and draft beer is the pasteurization process in the brewery. Draft beer is almost never pasteurized and that means the keg MUST be kept cold. Pasteurized beer is packaged at very high temperatures that kill the flavor of the beer.

Still or Fizzy water

Still water is carbonated water. Fizzy water is plain water into which carbon dioxide gas has been dissolved, and is the major and defining component of most soft drinks. The process of dissolving carbon dioxide gas is called carbonation.
 

Soft or hard Drink

we can find definitions of soft/hard drink on the various sources. A soft drink is a beverage that does not contain alcohol.The adjective soft specifies a lack of alcohol by way of contrast to the term “hard drink”. Hard drink is an alcoholic beverage that is distilled rather than fermented. But What do we call a beverage that contains alcohol which is fermented?

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